The foundation of the scholarly experience for students and faculty alike rests on the knowledge that has been created by others. It is expected that student coursework and faculty research and publication, while always striving to break new ground, will depend in some measure on the use of others’ intellectual property. It is also expected that, in the course of using others’ work, proper credit and responsibility will be assigned for the use of another’s words, ideas, theories, data or other forms of intellectual property. Failing to assign proper credit for prior work – whether your own or another person’s – is plagiarism, and is a flagrant violation of Pacific University’s policies and code of academic conduct for students and faculty.
Students should refer to the Academic Conduct Policy found in the university Catalog, and become well acquainted with all expectations for intellectual honesty, including avoiding plagiarism. As defined in the Academic Conduct Policy, plagiarism is (but not limited to):
- Quoting another person's actual words, complete sentences or paragraphs, or an entire piece of written work without acknowledgment of the source.
- Using another person's ideas, opinions, or theories, even if they are presented entirely in your own words, without proper acknowledgment of the source from which they were taken.
- Using facts, statistics, or other material to support an argument without acknowledgment of the source.
- Copying another student's work.
- Submitting in a course or for a project all or portions of a work prepared or submitted for another or previous course without proper acknowledgement and approval of the instructors involved.
Faculty should refer to the American Association of University Professors’ Statement on Plagiarism, which outlines the responsibilities inherent in a faculty position, and the expectations for intellectual honesty that are held by both peers and Pacific University. The AAUP Statement asserts that every faculty member should adhere to the following precepts:
- In his or her own work, the professor must scrupulously acknowledge every intellectual debt — for his ideas, methods, and expressions — by means appropriate to the form of communication.
- Any discovery of suspected plagiarism should be brought at once to the attention of the affected parties and, as appropriate, to the profession at large through proper and effective channels — typically through reviews in or communications to relevant scholarly journals.
- Professors should work to ensure that their universities and professional societies adopt clear guidelines respecting plagiarism, appropriate to the disciplines involved, and should insist that regular procedures be in place to deal with violations of those guidelines. The gravity of a charge of plagiarism, by whomever it is made, must not diminish the diligence exercised in determining whether the accusation is valid. In all cases the most scrupulous procedural fairness must be observed, and penalties must be appropriate to the degree of offense.
- Scholars must make clear the respective contributions of colleagues on a collaborative project, and professors who have the guidance of students as their responsibility must exercise the greatest care not to appropriate a student's ideas, research, or presentation to the professor's benefit; to do so is to abuse power and trust.
- In dealing with graduate students, professors must demonstrate by precept and example the necessity of rigorous honesty in the use of sources and of utter respect for the work of others. The same expectations apply to the guidance of undergraduate students, with a special obligation to acquaint students new to the world of higher education with its standards and the means of ensuring intellectual honesty.