Optometry | OD

Pacific University offers a four-year doctor of optometry program preparing tomorrow's optometrists for licensure and practice.

The curriculum consists of academic and laboratory experiences integrated with clinical work. The fourth year is entirely clinical, consisting of four full-time preceptorships.

In addition to clinical training, Pacific demonstrates its commitment to quality optometric research by offering all students an elective research thesis opportunity, encouraging and providing funds for faculty to attend scientific meetings and providing research facilities. The annual Pacific Vision Conference on campus allows practitioners, students, faculty and other researchers the opportunity to exchange findings and information.

Pacific University graduates are fully qualified to practice in any state in the nation, the curriculum far exceeding the most stringent educational requirements of any state. The curriculum also prepares students for successful completion of the National Board Exam.

In March 2014, our Class of 2015 first-time pass rate on the Applied Basic Science (ABS) exam was 88.5 percent, compared to the 77.56 percent national average. Pacific’s scores are typically above the national average, and reflect the elite education our students receive here at Pacific University, and the hard work, dedication and focus our students and faculty bring to the classroom every day.

Assistant Professor & Director, Beaverton EyeClinic
Associate Professor & Associate Dean for Academic Programs
Adjunct Clinical Instructor
Associate Professor & Clinic Director, Forest Grove
Associate Professor & Clinic Director, Hillsboro
Associate Professor & Clinic Director, Cornelius
Professor & Clinic Director, Pacific Eye Clinic Portland
Director of Community Outreach, Assistant Professor

Year 1

Fall   Credits
OPT-500 Basic Science for Optometry with Laboratory 2.5
OPT-501 Geometric and Physical Optics I with Laboratory 3.0
OPT-516 Patient Care I .5
OPT-532 Anatomy of the Visual System with Laboratory 3.0
OPT-535 Functional Neuroanatomy and Neurobiology 3.0
OPT-540 Essentials of Medical Pharmacology I 1.0
OPT-546 Clinical Procedures I with Laboratory 2.5
OPT-562 Behavioral Optometric Science with Laboratory 4.0
OPT-568 Practice Management I 1.0
Spring   Credits
OPT-502 Geometric and Physical Optics II with Laboratory 3.0
OPT-503 Physiological Optics I with Laboratory 4.0
OPT-517 Patient Care II .5
OPT-531 Ocular Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry with Lab 3.0
OPT-533 Ocular Disease I with Laboratory 3.0
OPT-537 Systemic Diseases and Medications I 3.0
OPT-541 Essentials of Medical Pharmacology II 1.0
OPT-547 Clinical Procedures II with Laboratory 2.5
OPT-560 Evidence Based Optometry 1.0

Year 2

Fall   Credits
OPT-601 Ophthalmic Optics 3.0
OPT-616 Theory and Methods of Refraction 3.0
OPT-620 Patient Care III .5
OPT-631 Ocular Disease II with Laboratory 3.0
OPT-637 Systemic Diseases and Medications II 3.0
OPT-640 Essentials of Medical Pharmacology III


OPT-646 Clinical Procedures III with Laboratory 2.0
OPT-647 Ophthalmic Dispensing Procedures with Lab 2.0
OPT-662 Visual Information Processing and Perception 4.0
OPT-668 Practice Management III 1.0
Spring   Credits
OPT-615 Vision Therapy for Binocular and Oculomotor Dysfunction with Lab 4.0
OPT-617 Optometric Case Analysis 4.0
OPT-618 Theory and Practice of Spherical Rigid and Soft Contact Lenses with Lab 3.0
OPT-621 Patient Care IV .5
OPT-633 Ocular Disease III with Lab 4.0
OPT-638 Systemic Diseases and Medications III 2.0
OPT-648 Clinical Procedures IV with Lab 4.0

Year 3

Summer (14 weeks)   Credits
OPT-701 Physiological Optics II 3.0
OPT-703 Patient Care Seminar I .5
OPT-714 Pediatric and Developmental Optometry 3.0
OPT-715 Patient Care V 1.5
OPT-7XX Specialty Patient Care** 1.5
OPT-716 Theory and Practice of Specialty Contact Lenses with Lab 3.5
OPT-759 Geriatric Optometry 1.0
OPT-768 Practice Management III 1.0
Fall   Credits
OPT-704 Patient Care Seminar II .5
OPT-718 Advanced Optometric Case Analysis with Lab 2.0
OPT-722 Patient Care VI 1.5
OPT-7XX Specialty Patient Care** 1.5
OPT-725 Assessment and Management of Strabismus and Amblyopia with Lab 4.0
OPT-728 Assessment and Management of the Partially Sighted Patient 2.0
OPT-733 Ocular Disease IV with Laboratory 3.0
OPT-736 Clinical Rounds***  
OPT-762 Communication in Optometric Practice with lab 2.0
Spring   Credits
OPT-705 Patient Care Seminar III .5
OPT-723 Patient Care VII 1.5
OPT-7XX Specialty Patient Care** 1.5
OPT-727 Evaluation and Management of Patients with Perceptual Problems with Lab 2.0
OPT-735 Applied Ocular Therapeutics 1.0
OPT-736 Clinical Rounds*** .5
OPT-749 Refractive Surgery 1.5
OPT-461 Public Health Optometry 2.0
OPT-763 Environmental, Occupational and Recreational Vision 2.0
OPT-769 Practice Management IGV 1.0

*Students are required to take at least three credits of electives.

** Students will rotate through each Specialty Patient Care (OPT-770: Pediatric/Binocular Vision, OPT-771: Contact Lens, OPT-772: Ocular Disease and Specialty Testing and Low Vision) through the third year.

*** Students are required to take one semester of OPT-736, either fall or spring

Year 4

OPT-806* Patient Care VIII
OPT-807* Patient Care IX
OPT-808* Patient Care X
OPT-809* Patient Care XI
OPT-827 Web-Based Clinical Rounds

Patient Care

Interns will provide supervised and direct patient care in various specialty tracks within Pacific University affiliated eye and vision care centers (Tracks 1-4) or in affiliated hospital settings, healthcare centers, and public or private eye and vision care centers. Primary care and/or specialized healthcare services unique to each site (Track 5). 

Track 1: Ocular Disease with Emphasis in Contact Lens | Rotation in the ocular disease and special testing and contact lens specialty clinics, including the clinical assessment and management of patients with ocular diseases, and management of cosmetic and therapeutic specialty contact lens prescribing.

Track 2: Ocular Disease with Emphasis in Low Vision | Rotation in the ocular disease and special testing and low vision specialty clinics, including the clinical assessment and management of patients with ocular diseases, and management of patients with low vision rehabilitation needs. Rotation also includes a half-day of contact lens service per week.

Track 3: Vision Therapy, Pediatrics, Neuro-Optometry | Rotation in the binocular vision/vision therapy and pediatric clinics including supervised clinical management of patients requiring vision therapy. Weekly experience in the Pediatric and Strabismus Referral Center (PSRC) and neuro-optometry services with related exposure to co-management principles. Rotation also includes a half day of contact lens service per week.

Track 4: Vision Therapy and Pediatrics | Rotation in the binocular vision/vision therapy and pediatric clinics including supervised clinical management of patients requiring vision therapy. Unique exposure in the Beaverton 3D Performance Clinic.

Track 5 | Supervised clinical practice in affiliated hospital settings, healthcare centers, and public or private eye and vision care centers. Primary care and/or specialized healthcare services unique to each site.

Childhood Glaucomas and Pseudoglaucomas
Date: Thursday, August 7, 2014 - 14:00 to Friday, June 23, 2017 - 14:00

This course will cover causative factors in congenital and early-onset forms of glaucoma, in order to prevent vision loss and legal blindness later in life in this young population.

COPE: 41928 GL
Fees: $39
Clinical Ocular Grand Rounds
Date: Thursday, August 7, 2014 - 15:15 to Monday, June 13, 2016 - 15:15

Critical to clinicians is the ability to diagnose and manage unique and interesting presentations of typical ocular conditions, or to be able to diagnose a previously un-encountered condition. The following course will present patient cases with unique presentations of ocular conditions, including special testing. The course will focus on the ability of the clinician to analyze and interpret the unique case presentation and provide appropriate management and treatment options.

Learning Objectives:
1. Assess a patient experiencing a vascular occlusion event incorporating the latest in diagnostic equipment, such as OCT, and how this technology helps in diagnosis and management 2. Recognize the signs and symptoms of a patient experiencing a neurological complication and utilizing the appropriate diagnostic testing be able to educate the patient on any appropriate referrals, treatment/management and prognosis 3. Assess a patient for potential hydroxychloroquine toxicity utilizing the latest screening criteria and what specifically to evaluate when utilizing the latest diagnostic equipment, such as OCT
COPE: 38145 SD
Fees: $39
Grand Rounds: Interesting Presentations in Young(er) Patients
Date: Thursday, August 7, 2014 - 14:45 to Saturday, November 19, 2016 - 13:45

This course presents the diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and treatment of optic nerve head drusen, iron-deficiency anemia, and Laurence-Moon/Bardet-Biedl Syndrome in three young patients

Learning Objectives:
To diagnose and discuss treatment optic nerve head drusen To differentiate between drusen and benign intracranial hypertension To know the ocular manifestations of iron-deficiency anemia To know diagnosis and treatment of Laurence-Moon/Bardet-Biedl syndrome
COPE: 39733 PD
Fees: $39
Prisms and Palsies: Lessons from the 3D Vision Clinic
Date: Thursday, August 7, 2014 - 14:15 to Saturday, June 24, 2017 - 14:15

This course covers how to diagnose eye muscle palsies and how to treat them with prism. Both congenital and acquired strabismic causes of diplopia and near-diplopia are covered, as well as prism prescribing techniques called associated phorometry.

Learning Objectives:
1. To cover the difference between dissociated and associated phorometry for prescribing prism, and how to prescribe forced choice prism with and without a digital phoropter. 2..To review the common causes and symptoms of Trochlear (CN IV) palsy and why the Parks Three Step is unnecessary. 3. To explore how Abducens (CN VI) palsy sometimes manifests as binocular blur and divergence insufficiency, the sometimes ominous cause, and how to treat the divergence problems that come from it. 4. To discuss the different grades of Oculomotor (CN III) palsy, how they manifest in our patients, as well as causes and treatments
COPE: 41931 GO
Fees: $39
The Whiter, Brighter Pupil: Leukocoria in Children
Date: Thursday, August 7, 2014 - 15:00 to Thursday, June 22, 2017 - 15:00

This course will cover causes of monocular vision loss in young patients, including congenital cataract, retinoblastoma tumors of the eye and brain, and genetic conditions that can threaten both sight and, sometimes, the life of the patient.

COPE: 41918 FV
Fees: $39
AMD Potpourri
Date: Wednesday, August 13, 2014 - 11:00 to Monday, April 27, 2015 - 11:00

Over the past year, a number of new developments have been made in the understanding and management of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). This course will present an overview of our current knowledge about AMD focusing on the prevalence, pathogenesis, genetics, prevention and treatment, now and in the pipeline.

Learning Objectives:
1. Be aware of which new treatments are on the horizon for dry AMD 2. Learn about preventive measures for AMD 3. Know about newly approved drugs for AMD 4. Be updated on the current understanding of AMD 5. Appreciate the exciting discovery of the link between junk DNA and geographic atrophy
COPE: 34534 PS
Fees: $39
Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy
Date: Friday, February 14, 2014 - 04:00 to Saturday, February 21, 2015 - 04:00

This course will cover diagnosis and treatment of both arteritic and non-arteritic ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION), or stroke of the optic nerve.

Learning Objectives:
Differentially diagnose non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) Order bloodwork for GCA and NAION Diagnose Giant Cell Arteritis (GCA)
COPE: 33823 PS
Fees: $39
Black Box Warnings Pertinent to Optometrists
Date: Monday, April 14, 2014 - 10:15 to Saturday, August 15, 2015 - 10:15

The scope of practice in optometry continues to expand over the years. Most optometrists can prescribe topical and non-topical medications. This course presents drugs pertinent to optometrists with box warnings of potentially serious adverse effects.

Learning Objectives:
At the end of the course, participant will be able to: - define the meaning of a black box warning for a medication - list ways to look for black box warning on a prescribing drug - use alternative and safer drug for patients who have high risk of adverse reaction to a particular drug - check manufacturer’s drug insert before prescribing an unfamiliar drug - educate patients about signs and symptoms of drugs with black box warning, if there is no alternative
COPE: #35430-PH
Fees: $39
Contact Lens Management of Challenging Patient
Date: Thursday, April 10, 2014 - 13:15 to Friday, August 1, 2014 - 13:15

This course will take a systematic approach to managing unique ammetropia’s, certain disease states, and post-surgical outcomes with contact lenses for successful visual and physiologic result. Case's histories will be presented that demonstrate the use and integration of contact lenses in management of the patient.

Learning Objectives:
Identify the need and potential visual benefit of contact lenses for various ammetropias (to include: high hyperopia, high myopia, anisometropia, regular and irregular astigmatism) Evaluate the appropriateness of the fit and prescription of various contact lenses for the visual states listed above Understand complications and management associated with contact lens prescribing
COPE: 31754-CL
Fees: $39
Cytomegalovirus Retinopathy and Other Signs of HIV Infection
Date: Monday, April 14, 2014 - 09:45 to Saturday, August 6, 2016 - 09:45

Cytogmegalovirus retinitis (CMVR) is a condition affecting primarily HIV/ AIDS infected individuals. A rare case of a patient with CMVR whose presenting complaint was itchy eyes is presented, emphasizing the need for routine dilation.

Learning Objectives:
At the completion of this course, participants will be able to discuss the symptoms, signs, differential diagnoses, and treatments of CMV retinopathy.
COPE: #38588-SD
Fees: $39
Diagnosis and Treatment of Episcleritis
Date: Thursday, August 7, 2014 - 14:00 to Friday, June 2, 2017 - 14:00

This course focuses on the clinical diagnosis and management of episcleritis. It covers the clinical features of episcleritis as compared to scleritis and other red eye conditions. Additionally, supportive and medical therapy are presented.

COPE: 41758 AS
Fees: $39
Differential Diagnosis of Optic Nerve Disorders
Date: Monday, April 14, 2014 - 10:00 to Monday, September 28, 2015 - 10:45

This course will cover differential diagnosis of optic nerve disorders, including optic atrophy, hypoplasia, colobomas, tilted discs, intercranial hypertension, AION, optic disc drusen and neuritis, non-glaucomatous neuropathy, and optic nerve tumors, among others.

Learning Objectives:
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: Optic disc drusen Idiopathic intercranial hypertension AION and NAION Tilted optic discs Retinal colobomas Congenital nerve defects, like Morning Glory Disc syndrome Optic nerve hypoplasia and atrophy Optic neuritis Non-glaucomatous optic neuropathy Optic nerve tumors
COPE: 35928 NO
Fees: 1 credit $39
Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome and the Eye
Date: Thursday, August 7, 2014 - 15:15 to Monday, June 19, 2017 - 15:15

This course covers the ocular and visual manifestations of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, perhaps the most common of the connective tissue disorders, including optometric diagnosis and treatment.

Learning Objectives:
1. To review the effects of EDS on the eyes and vision 2. To discuss treatments available for visual disturbances caused by EDS 3. To cover treatment options for binocular vision disorders caused by EDS 4. To compare and contrast the treatments for the eye diseases caused by EDS 5. To explore new diagnostics and treatments for EDS and the eye coming in the near future
COPE: 41902 SD
Electrophysiological Testing in Clinical Practice
Date: Monday, April 14, 2014 - 10:00 to Friday, September 2, 2016 - 10:00

This course describes the applications of electroretinography (ERG) and visually-evoked potential (VEP) in primary eye care. Included are data acquisition from ERG and VEP, diagnosis, and differential diagnoses from these tests.

Learning Objectives:
At the completion of this course, practitioners will be able to describe: 1. How ERG and VEP electrodiagnostic testing works 2. The physiology of these small milli- and micro-voltages across the retina and visual pathways 3. Indications for electrodiagnostics, and 4. Differential diagnoses and disease progression monitoring from ERG and VEP
COPE: #38569-NO
Fees: $39
Fundamentals of Gonioscopy
Date: Monday, April 14, 2014 - 10:00 to Saturday, February 21, 2015 - 10:00

Evaluating the anterior chamber angle with gonioscopy is an essential part of evaluating patients at risk for glaucoma and neovascularization.  It is also useful for patients with iris abnormalities or a history of trauma or ocular inflammation.  Unfortunately, gonioscopy is underutilized by both optometrists and ophthalmologists. Coleman, et al. found that less than half of Medicare beneficiaries underwent gonioscopy during a 4-5 year period prior to glaucoma surgery. It is critical to our patient’s ocular health that this change.

This article discusses the indications and contraindications to performing gonioscopy. 

Anterior chamber angle anatomy, types of gonioscopy lenses, a review of the procedure, and proper recording and insurance coding will also be covered.  Finally, we will describe common variations of normal anterior chamber angles and angle abnormalities that are commonly seen in an eye care setting. 

Learning Objectives:
Differentiate types of gonioscopy lenses Understand how to perform gonioscopy and obtain clear views Identify features of anterior chamber angle anatomy, including variations of normal anterior chamber angles and angle abnormalities Know proper recording and insurance coding for gonioscopy
COPE: #33831-PD
Fees: 3 credits $59
Genomics for the Practicing OD
Date: Monday, April 14, 2014 - 09:45 to Friday, August 1, 2014 - 09:45

If you think you have seen dramatic technological changes in the last five years, just watch the next five!

Regarding the access to an incredible amount of genetic information, it has been said that “even if we do not know and do not want to know, we now know that we can know… choosing not to know can be as heavy a burden as choosing to know."

COPE: #32430-SD
Fees: $49
HIV, AIDS, and the Eye: Epidemics, Endemics, and Syndemics
Date: Thursday, August 7, 2014 - 15:15 to Monday, January 9, 2017 - 14:15

This course educates the optometrist as to the causes and consequences, both systemic and ocular, of HIV infection and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, or AIDS.

COPE: 40056 SD
Fees: $39
Imaging Interpretation for the Comprehensive Eye Care Professional
Date: Thursday, August 7, 2014 - 15:00 to Friday, January 27, 2017 - 14:00

The following interactive course will focus on OCT interpretation using clinical cases. It will provide an overview of interpretation and diagnostics in retina and glaucoma management using OCT and perimetry. Structure and function will be discussed in detail.

Learning Objectives:
1. Understand the challenges of diagnosing glaucoma and a variety of retinal conditions. 2. Be able to understand the basic principles of neuroretinal imaging technology specifically spectral domain OCT 3. Be able to recognize the signs and symptoms of a patient undergoing hydroxychloroquine toxicity and the importance of OCT technology and perimetry in management 4. Be able to recognize the signs and symptoms of a patient with glaucoma and the importance of OCT technology and perimetry in diagnosis and management
COPE: 40258 PD
Fees: $39
Multispectral Fundus Imaging in Fundus Examination: a Primer
Date: Monday, April 14, 2014 - 10:15 to Friday, June 24, 2016 - 10:15

This course serves to provide a background and clinical application of MSI for the optometrist.Fundus evaluation technology has evolved exponentially over the last 150 years. Along with standard full-spectrum fundus photography, angiography, scanning laser polarimetry , and optical coherence tomography, multispectral imaging (MSI) shows great promise for enhanced evaluation of the fundus. This course serves to provide a background and clinical application of MSI for the optometrist

Learning Objectives:
At the completion of this course, the attendee will be able to: 1. Understand the history and technological basis of fundus multispectral imaging (MSI) and 2. Become familiar with physiological/pathological fundus conditions utilizing MSI.
COPE: #38250-PS
Fees: $39
Nutrition and the Elderly Eye
Date: Thursday, August 7, 2014 - 15:15 to Thursday, June 22, 2017 - 15:15

This course will cover micronutrient and macronutrient deficiency and excess that lead to preservation or loss of sight, particularly in older patients.

Learning Objectives:
1. Which has the highest caloric density (calories/gram): carbohydrates, fats, protein, or alcohol 2. Which is the main difference in micronutrients found in the AREDS and AREDS II formulas for dry AMD? 3. Which two micronutrients are useful in blood glucose control for diabetics? 4. Deficiencies in which micronutrients can mimic dementia in senior patients? 5. Which are the nutritional treatments for gyrate atrophy and retinitis pigmentosa?
COPE: 41919 SD
Fees: $39
Ocular Disease, Drug & Research Update
Date: Monday, April 14, 2014 - 10:00 to Friday, April 24, 2015 - 10:00

Over the past few years a number of new developments have been made in the understanding and treatment of common ocular diseases. This course will present an update on a few new drugs in the treatment of macular degeneration and glaucoma and share some of the latest progress in treatment of macular degeneration (AMD). Furthermore, it will provide research findings on potential novel application of ophthalmic drugs for management of ocular surface disease such as dry eye and pterygium.

Learning Objectives:
Understand the etiology of pterygia in order to better treat them Learn about developments in clinical ophthalmic research Understand how inter professional health care collaboration works Know about newly approved drugs for glaucoma Know about newly approved drugs for AMD
COPE: #34532-PH
Fees: $39
Ocular Pain in the Quiet Eye
Date: Monday, April 14, 2014 - 10:15 to Monday, April 27, 2015 - 11:00

Optometrists see patients presenting with eye pain on an almost daily basis. They are challenging to manage because the eyes and orbit are heavily innervated, so there are many causes that can lead to ocular discomfort. The most challenging cases of eye pain are those presenting with a quiet-appearing eye. Undiagnosed, misdiagnosed and mismanagement of some of these conditions can result in irreversible vision loss or systemic disability. This course focuses on 3 categories that can lead to ocular pain: 1) eye pain from an ocular or orbital source; 2) eye pain referred from a distant source; and 3) eye pain from other sources.

Learning Objectives:
Learn about clinical management of ocular pain Appreciate emergency conditions that can lead to ocular pain Know about the common causes of ocular pain originating around the eye Know about the common causes of ocular pain referred from head or neck Understand when a referral for imaging is recommended
COPE: #34533-PS
Fees: $39
Optic Nerve: Itis, Opathy, and Edema
Date: Monday, April 14, 2014 - 10:00 to Wednesday, September 9, 2015 - 10:00

This course will teach diagnosis and treatment of optic disc drusen, idiopathic intercranial hypertensiion, papilledema, optic neuritis, stroke of the optic nerve, meningiomas and gliomas, Leber hereditory optic neuropathy, and trauma, and related conditions

Learning Objectives:
Trauma causing optic nerve damage Leber hereditary optic neuropathy Meningiomas and gliomas of the nerve AION and NAION Optic neuritis Papilledema Intracranial hypertension Optic disc drusen
COPE: 35927 NO
Fees: 2 Credits $49
Optometric Considerations for Pregnant Patients
Date: Thursday, August 7, 2014 - 14:15 to Sunday, July 9, 2017 - 14:15

This course is an overview of the literature in regards to physiological and pathological changes that can happen to the eye during pregnancy. Also discussed are treatment options for various ocular conditions that could occur in a pregnant patient. Please note that it is always encouraged to check with an obstetrician or primary care provider before initiating treatment of any kind.

Learning Objectives:
1. To become familiar with physiological ocular changes that can happen during pregnancy 2. To become familiar with pathological ocular sequelae that can happen during pregnancy 3. To become familiar with the safety profiles of various medications that could be used to treat a pregnant patient
COPE: 42076 GO
Fees: $39
Optometric Management of Scleritis
Date: Thursday, August 7, 2014 - 14:00 to Friday, June 2, 2017 - 14:00

This course focuses on the clinical diagnosis and management of scleritis. It covers the clinical features of scleritis as compared to episcleritis and other red eye conditions. Additionally, associated systemic conditions are discussed with relevant medical therapy.

COPE: 41759 AS
Fees: $39
Pharmacological Treatment and Management Protocols for Glaucoma: An Optometric Approach
Date: Thursday, August 7, 2014 - 14:00 to Tuesday, June 20, 2017 - 14:00

Treatment and management of glaucoma continues to advance through increased pharmacological options and technological instrumentation. This course reviews current medicinal choices for treating glaucoma, as well as management protocols for testing and follow-up.

COPE: 41912 GL
Fees: 3 credits $59
Plaquenil Maculopathy
Date: Monday, April 14, 2014 - 10:15 to Monday, June 15, 2015 - 11:00

Plaquenil maculopathy is an uncommon side effect of the systemic medication, Hydroxychrloroquine. This lecture will guide the optometrist in diagnosis and management of laquenil maculopathy. The course will review updated guidelines from the American Academy of Ophthalmology and discuss exciting new research utilizing OCT.

Learning Objectives:
1. Educate about Plaquenil side effects
 2. Discuss various tests to detect early plaquenil toxicity 3. Interpretation of OCT in Plaquenil Maculopathy
 4. Management of Plaquenil Maculopathy
 5. Update on American Academy of Ophthalmology recommendations
COPE: #34898-PS
Fees: $39
Six Things That Changed How I Manage Graves Disease
Date: Monday, April 14, 2014 - 10:15 to Monday, May 2, 2016 - 10:15

This course will discuss the autoimmune disease Graves and it’s systemic and ocular manifestations, including pathogenesis, new lab blood tests, and interactions with smoking and mental health.Graves disease is a complex autoimmune disease that can affect the eye. New research has changed our understanding of Graves disease. This course translates the research into clinical practice. Through discussion of diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, and case examples, the clinician will be better able to manage patients with Graves disease.

Learning Objectives:
Better understanding of the pathophysiology of Graves disease Education about role of optometrist in management of Graves disease Discuss how Graves affects quality of life Better understanding of treatment strategies for Graves ophthalmopathy Learn how smoking affects Graves disease Examine role of co-morbidities with Graves disease
COPE: #37745-SD
Fees: $39
Smith-Magenis and Down Syndromes
Date: Monday, April 14, 2014 - 09:45 to Tuesday, January 10, 2017 - 09:45

 The course is introduced with case presentations. Utilizing the cases, a review of basic science aspects of common congenital disorders is reviewed with both Down Syndrome and Smith-Magenis Syndrome being reviewed in detail. Ocular manifestations of these disorders is emphasized along with suggested optometric management.

Learning Objectives:
The optometrist will be able to: Appreciate the manifestations of common congenital disorders Identify the ocular manifestations of common congenital disorders Understand the basic science aspects of the genomics in congenital disorders Be comfortable with the role of the optometrist in diagnosing and managing common congenital disorders Also, the implications for the practice of optometry are discussed.
COPE: #40094-FV
Fees: $39
Systemic Hypertension and the Eyes
Date: Thursday, August 7, 2014 - 15:30 to Sunday, July 2, 2017 - 15:30

Hypertension is the most common systemic disease for office visits to clinicians. Optometrists play an important role in diagnosing and managing various ocular complications secondary to hypertension. This course focuses to enhance that role.

Learning Objectives:
Seek interdisciplinary collaboration for optimal management of hypertension Classify hypertension based on severity Know the prevalence of hypertension in the United States Recognize the stages of hypertensive retinopathy Identify ocular complications secondary to hypertension Provide effective patient education on the ocular effects of hypertension
COPE: 42017 SD
Fees: $39
The Era of Anti-VEGF
Date: Monday, April 14, 2014 - 10:15 to Friday, August 5, 2016 - 10:15

Anti‐Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (Anti-VEGF) medication line of medications and explained for primary eye care providers, and how they are used to treat a variety of ocular pathologies, with a realistic expectation of their limitations.

Learning Objectives:
After completion of this course, the doctor will be able to: 1. Name the anti-VEGF medications and the identify patients who can benefit from them. 2. Specifically address how anti-VEGF can be used to treat the following ocular diseases: Exudative AMD, CSME, BRVO
COPE: #38573-PS
Fees: $39
The Statutes and Administrative Rules of the Optometric Practice in Oregon
Date: Wednesday, August 27, 2014 - 11:00 to Thursday, January 1, 2015 - 10:00

The course reviews the laws and statutes that govern the practice of optometry in the state of Oregon. The approval from the Oregon Board of Optometry for this course expires on January 1, 2015.

Learning Objectives:
Successful completion of this course will satisfy the requirement of the Oregon Board of Optometry to have a review of optometric law every 2 years. The pertinent laws, rules and statutes that regulate the practice of optometry in the state of Oregon
COPE: 42553 EJ
Fees: $39
The Use of Anesthetics, Steroids, Non-Steroidals, and Central-Acting Analegsics in the Management of Ocular Pain
Date: Monday, April 14, 2014 - 10:15 to Monday, December 1, 2014 - 10:15

It is not uncommon for the optometrist to have patients presenting to the office with complaint of eye pain.  Many ocular conditions can present with varying amounts of pain.  Pain is highly subjective, and is dependent on the type and severity of ocular insult, the chronicity of the pain symptom, and the experiential and psychological background of the patient.  As pain is subjective, the amount of pain for the same ocular insult can vary widely from patient to patient.  For example, some patients may not express any pain for a corneal abrasion, while others may relay excruciating pain for a similar injury.  Often a scale of 0 to 10 is asked by the optometrist to help them understand the amount of pain their patient is experiencing.  Elucidating if the pain is “burning”, “stinging”, “sharp”, “dull”, “itching”, “throbbing”, may be of diagnostic use.  Likewise, localizing if the pain is on the surface (i.e. the patient notices it with each blink) versus deeper (i.e. the patient feels a retrobulbar pain on eye movements) is also important diagnostically.

Learning Objectives:
Familiarize the reader with various analgesics used in treating ocular pain, their mechanisms of action, indications/contraindications, and potential side-effects Provide fundamentals of pain pathophysiology and management strategies for various ocular conditions that can have associated pain
COPE: #33414-PH
Fees: 3 credits $59
Uveitis and Glaucoma
Date: Thursday, August 7, 2014 - 12:15 to Saturday, February 21, 2015 - 11:15

This course will cover the causes and treatments of uveitic glaucoma, including clogged, inflamed, and damaged trabecular meshwork, synechiae, and steroid response.

Learning Objectives:
Inflamed TM Clogged Trabecular Meshwork (TM) Damaged TM from chronic uveitis Peripheral Anterior Synechiae (PAS) Posterior Synechiae (PS) Steroid Response Healing Response
COPE: 33824 GL
Fees: $39
Visual Problems in Mental Health
Date: Thursday, August 7, 2014 - 15:30 to Saturday, June 24, 2017 - 15:30

This course will prepare optometrists to diagnose types of cognitive impairment, including acute delirium, reversible and irreversible dementias, as well as effects of neuroses and psychoses, on the visual system.

Learning Objectives:
1. What is the difference between delirium, acute confusional state, and dementia? 2. Which cause of delirium is associated with POAG? 3. Which ophthalmic topical medication can lead to delirium in seniors? 4. Early-onset strabismus is a risk factor for which adult-onset cause of delirium? Which type of strabismus? 5. Name at least four causes of dementia that lead to distinctive, non-glaucomatous visual field losses.
COPE: 41932 SD
Fees: $39
Women's Health Issues in the Optometric Practice
Date: Monday, April 14, 2014 - 09:45 to Friday, August 1, 2014 - 09:45

It is hardly a profound statement to observe that women are different than men, and very frequently the differences makes it important for health care practitioners to be aware of health problems that occur more commonly in the female population. Awareness of the above will often lead to better and more appropriate care for the female patient.

There are many diseases and disorders which are quite commonly seen in female patients that are much less commonly seen in men, such as the autoimmune diseases, however, women live significantly longer than do men. Unfortunately for the female population, they do experience more illness and have more "sick time" than do men on average.

In no way is this presentation to be considered "exhaustive" on the subject of female health Issues. Rather, the following is a discussion of several diseases and disorders which are commonly diagnosed in the optometric practice and which occur more frequently in the female patient than in the male patient. This is particularly important as optometrists are recognized as independent health care practitioners and are quite often the doctor of first contact when symptoms lead to a doctor's office visit by the patient.

Learning Objectives:
This course will review the signs and symptoms of the various diseases that occur more frequently in women than in men, including specific examples in these classes of diseases: Infection, Tumor, Trauma, Allergic, Autoimmune, Congenital, Metabolic
COPE: #32428-SD
Fees: $49