a. Emergency Performance: All necessary copies may be made to replace purchased copies which for any reason are not available for an imminent performance – as long as replacement copies are purchased as soon as possible.
b. Non-performance: Single or multiple copies of excerpts of works may be made, as long as those excerpts do not constitute a “performable unit” – e.g. a section, movement or aria. In any case, no more than 10% of the whole work may be copied, and only one copy should be made for each student.
a. Student Performances: A single copy may be made for evaluation or rehearsal purposes.
b. Copyrighted Works: A single copy of a recording (cassette, disc or digital audio file) may be made from sound recordings owned by the institution or a faculty member for the purpose of constructing aural exercises or examinations.
a. Emergency Performance: Copies made for performance purposes should be replaced with purchased copies as soon as reasonably possible.
a. Student Performances: A copy made for evaluation or rehearsal purposes may be retained by the institution or the faculty member.
b. Copyrighted Works: A copy made for conducting exercises or examinations may be retained by the institution or the faculty member.
Copies should not be made to replace or substitute for anthologies, compilations or collective works
Copies should not be made of “consumable” works (workbooks, standardized tests, etc)
Copies should not be made for performance purposes, other than emergency replacements
Copies (other than those outlined above) should not be made to substitute for the purchase of music
All copies should include the copyrighted notice that appears on the original