Definition of Terms

Alternative media – Print material that has been converted to a format that enables a print impaired person to read the materials. This includes but is not limited to: taped materials, Braille, electronic text, and enlarged print.


Auxiliary aids – Services, equipment, and procedures that allow students with disabilities access to learning and activities in and out of the classroom. They include, but are not limited to: sign language interpreters, real time captioning services, adaptive technology, alternative media, exam accommodations, etc.


Exam accommodations – Legally mandated services that allow students with disabilities to exhibit their knowledge on exams by using auxiliary aids which include but are not limited to: extra time, a reader/scribe, computers, large print, CCTV, distraction reduced environment, etc.


Exam Accommodations Request (EAR) – The form that aids in the facilitation of exam accommodations at Pacific. It must be completed by both the student with a disability and the classroom instructor together. Exam accommodations can not be scheduled at LSS without this form.


Universal design – An approach to designing course instruction, materials, and content to benefit people of all learning styles without adaptation or retrofitting. Universal design provides equal access to learning, not simply equal access to information. Universal design allows the student to control the method of accessing information while the teacher monitors the learning process and initiates any beneficial methods.


This document is cited from The Ohio State University Partnership Grant, Improving the Quality of Education for Students with Disabilities