Doctor of Pharmacy Student Learning Outcomes

In 2024, the Pacific University School of Pharmacy adopted the 2022 Curricular Outcomes and Entrustable Professional Activities (COEPA) as the program’s student learning outcomes (SLOs).  SLOs are assessed within the SLO Assessment document, which is a part of the School of Pharmacy’s Master Assessment Plan.


1. Knowledge

  • 1.1 Scientific Thinking (Learner): Seek, analyze, integrate, and apply foundational knowledge of medications and pharmacy practice (biomedical; pharmaceutical; social, behavioral, administrative; and clinical sciences; drug classes; and digital health).


2. Skills

  • 2.1 Problem-solving Process (Problem-solver): Use problem solving and critical thinking skills, along with an innovative mindset, to address challenges and to promote positive change.
  • 2.2 Communication Communicator: Actively engage, listen, and communicate verbally, nonverbally, and in writing when interacting with or educating an individual, group, or organization.
  • 2.3 Cultural and Structural Humility (Ally): Mitigate health disparities by considering, recognizing, and navigating cultural and structural factors (e.g. social determinants of health, diversity, equity, inclusion, and accessibility) to improve access and health outcomes.
  • 2.4 Person-centered Care (Provider): Provide whole person care35 to individuals as the medication specialist using the Pharmacists’ Patient Care Process
  • 2.5 Advocacy Advocate: Promote the best interests of patients and/or the pharmacy profession within healthcare settings and at the community, state, or national level.
  • 2.6 Medication-use Process Stewardship (Steward): Optimize patient healthcare outcomes using human, financial, technological, and physical resources to improve the safety, efficacy, and environmental impact of medication use systems.
  • 2.7 Interprofessional Collaboration (Collaborator): Actively engage and contribute as a healthcare team member by demonstrating core interprofessional competencies.
  • 2.8 Population Health and Wellness (Promoter): Assess factors that influence the health and wellness of a population and develop strategies to address those factors.
  • 2.9 Leadership (Leader): Demonstrate the ability to influence and support the achievement of shared goals on a team, regardless of one’s role.


3. Attitudes

  • 3.1 Self-awareness (Self-aware): Examine, reflect on, and address personal and professional attributes (e.g., knowledge, metacognition, skills, abilities, beliefs, biases, motivation, help-seeking strategies, and emotional intelligence that could enhance or limit growth, development, & professional identity formation.
  • 3.2 Professionalism (Professional): Exhibit attitudes and behaviors that embody a commitment to building and maintaining trust with patients, colleagues, other health care professionals, and society.